BY: LEON KWASI KUNTUO-ASARE
Macolm X, born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, he was the son of Louise and Earl Little, two black activists who were followers of the Pan-Africanist Marcus Garvey. When Malcolm was a young child he was orphaned when his father was killed, most likely by white supremacists and his mother subsequently went crazy and had to go to a mental hospital. Throughout his teen years he would commit many petty crimes to survive and at the age of 20, in 1946 he would go to prison for larceny, breaking and entering.
While in prison he would eventual become a member of the Nation of Islam, when he was paroled in 1952, he became one of the Nation of Islam’s most popular and influential leaders, who was known for not only lecturing people on Islamic issues, but also race relations in America. By 1964 while Malcolm was having major issues with the Nation of Islam, he and black activists like Martin Luther King Jr. were also being spied on by the FBI’S COINTELPRO (counter intelligence program ). Later that same year, after taking a spiritual pilgrimage to Africa and the Middle East, which included completing the Hajj, he would convert to traditional Sunni Islam.
Once back in the United States he would form Muslim Mosque, inc and the Organization of Afro-American unity.
In his lasts days he would continue to preach against systematic white supremacy and preach for the right of blacks to defend themselves and have self-determination.
On February 1965, Malcolm X would be assassinated by three nation of Islam members, many people still believe that the United States, through the FBI’S Counter Intelligence Program, had a hand in his tragic fate, or at least failed to prevent it, and considering they (FBI) were spying on him and had infiltrated the Nation of Islam, they would of known of the plot to kill the civil rights leader.
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