BY: LEON KWASI KUNTUO-ASARE
The black Seminoles are the descendants of both free blacks and escaped slaves, known as the Maroon people. They are black Indians, mostly associated with the Seminole Native Americans of Florida and Oklahoma, but there are members living in Texas, the Bahamas and Mexico.
The black Seminoles lived in their own groups, called freedman bands, that were closely associated with the Seminole Nation.
The Black Seminoles and the Native Seminole people united in both of the Seminole wars.
Today the two Freedmen bands of the Black Seminoles; the Caesar Bruner Band and Dosar Barkus Band are represented on the General Council of the Seminole Nation.
Despite being on the General Council of the Nation, as a collective Black Seminoles still deal with racial discrimination from the Native Americans of the Seminole Nation.
Since the 1930’s many black Seminoles have had to deal with being excluded from the tribe.
In 2000, approximately twelve hundred Black Seminoles were excluded from the tribe they were previously members of.
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THE BLACK SEMINOLES OF TODAY:
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