Young women from a local public high school in Pretoria, South Africa take a stand against school authorities, who demand they “tame” their natural black hair. By straighten their hair to fit white or European standards. Decades after colonialism and the apartheid ended in South Africa , the perception of black inferiority still exists in the minds of many Black/African people.
A United Nations panel of human rights activists asked the United States government to give reparations to the African-American community, who were the descendants of black slaves in America.
The reparations would be intended to repair some of the damage done to the African-American community, through various forms of oppression, which includes :
2. Black codes.
3. Jim crow.
4. Sundown Towns.
5. Lynchings .
6. Domestic white terrorism (KKK).
7. Mass incarceration and police brutality , which disproportionately affect the African-American community, at a much higher rate than the rest of the population.
8. The 13th amendment. (Which permitted prison inmates to be used as slave labor.
9. Miseducation by a broken school system.
Mireille Fanon Mendes-France, the chairwoman of the UN Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent committee, compared the police killings of unarmed black men today in the United States to racist lynchings that occurred in the South, during the height of segregation.
Mendes-France did not believe that individual checks should be given to the descendants of American slavery, but rather she recommended money be spent for the “full implementation of special programs based on education, socioeconomic, and environmental rights.”
There is a precedence for the United States giving reparations to American citizens, the first case is when the United States government gave reparations to Japanese Americans, for their harsh treatment during World War 2 and in 2015 the Obama administration earmarked $12 million dollars in reparations to be given to holocaust survivors.
Ahmed Sekou Toure was born on January 9, 1922, in the French colony of French Guinea. He came from a very aristocratic family, his great-grandfather Samory Toure was a muslim Mandinka (Mandingo ) king, who founded the Wassoulou Empire from (1861-1890) in areas that are now part of modern-day Guinea and Mali. Samory resisted French Colonial rule, until he was captured in 1891, sadly he would die while in exile in the country of Gabon.
In 1945, while working for the French Guinea postal service, Toure began to get involved in politics, when he and others founded the postal workers union.
Seven years later, he would become head of the Guinean Democratic Party, the party’s main goal was to end European rule and colonialism on the continent of Africa.
In 1956, Toure would organize a trade union between African countries under French colonial rule.
While in France, Toure would also work as a representative for African groups fighting for independence from their colonial oppressor.
Toure would go on to win independence for Guinea on October 2, 1958.
The rest of Francophone Africa would follow suit and gain independence two years later in 1960.
40 men protest outside a Chinese owned construction company in Jamaica. The men are upset about what they feel are slave like wages, delayed payments for their work and overall mistreatment and disrespect by the Chinese owned company.