BLACK HISTORY SPOTLIGHT: ELIZABETH FREEMAN (THE BLACK WOMAN WHO ENDED SLAVERY IN MASSACHUSETTS)

BY: Leon Kwasi Kuntuo-Asare

Elizabeth Freeman (also known as Bett or Mumbett), was born a slave in 1744 in colonial America ( Claverack, Province of New York).
As a young child-slave at her master John Ashley’s house in Massachusetts , Freeman would sometimes overhear discussions about possible American freedom from the British. Those discussions combined with her own desire to be free, gave Freeman even more inspiration to run away from her brutal masters.

When the American Revolutionary War was finally won by America, Freeman believed that she should also be free. Freeman and her abolitionist lawyer Theodore Sedgwick, would sue the Ashley family for her freedom.

In 1781, the case would go to trial and eventually, the Massachusetts supreme court would side with Freeman, claiming slavery was against the Massachusetts Constitution. That decision would Utimately, end slavery in the state of Massachusetts altogether. Freeman would be awarded 30 shillings as compensation for her labor.

All men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential, and unalienable rights; among which may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties; that of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property; in fine, that of seeking and obtaining their safety and happiness.

– Massachusetts Constitution, Article 1.

For additional information use the links below:

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Freeman

https://www.amazon.com/100-African-Americans-Shaped-American-History/dp/0912517182/ref=mp_s_a_1_2?keywords=100+african+americans+who+shaped+american+history&qid=1579168192&sprefix=100+afr&sr=8-2

BLACK HISTORY SPOTLIGHT : NELSON MANDELA !

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BY: LEON KWASI KUNTUO-ASARE

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in
Mvezo, Cape Province, Union of South Africa.

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Mandela was a Xhosa born into the Thembu royal family.

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Mandela would attend a Methodist Missionary school near the Thembu royal palace, he would then further his education at Clarkebury Methodist High School Engcobo, it was the largest and most prestigious European-style school for black Africans in Thembuland. Eventually Mandela would attend Fort Hare University and the University of Witwatersrand, where he would study law.

While living in Johannesburg he would join the African National Congress (ANC) and get involved in anti-colonial politics, in 1948 after the white Afrikaner minority government of the National Party created the racially segregated apartheid system he would take part in the ANC’s anti-apartheid campaign.

While working as an attorney, Mandela would be arrested with fellow ANC members for seditious activities.

After the peaceful protesting of the ANC, only resulted in getting their members thrown in prison and barred from appearing in public by the racist South African government, Mandela would co-found “Umkhonto We Sizwe” in 1961, the groups role was to lead a sabotage campaign against the brutal South African government.

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In 1962 Mandela would be arrested and convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the state of South Africa, he would serve 27 years in prison.

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Amid increasing civil unrest, mounting international pressure and to avoid a possible civil war, Mandela was released from prison in 1990, after his release, Mandela would have negotiations with South African president F.W. De Klerk on how to abolish the apartheid system.

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Multiracial elections would be held for the first time in 1994, Mandela would become South Africa’s first black president.

After deciding not to run for a second presidential term, Mandela would focus his attention on charity work through his Nelson Mandela Foundation.

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Mandela would die on December 5, 2013, at the age of 95.

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION WATCH THIS SHORT BIOGRAPHY :

REMEMBERING NELSON MANDELA :

RANDALL ROBINSON ON NELSON MANDELA, U.S. BACKING OF APARTHEID REGIME & SUCCESS OF SANCTIONS MOVEMENT :

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION USE LINK BELOW :

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nelson_Mandela