BY:Leon Kwasi Kuntuo-Asare
Pharaoh Narmer (believed by many experts of Egyptology to be the same pharaoh known as Menes). He was a Pharaoh in the early dynastic period of Egypt. He inherited the ancient African crown from protodynastic pharaoh Ka (also known as Sekhen).
He is believed by Egyptologists to of been the founder of the first dynasty of the kingdom of Egypt. He was the first pharaoh of the then newly united kingdom of Egypt, when he united upper and lower Egypt.
It is believed by many Egyptologists and scholars on Egyptian history that his reign began somewhere around 3100 BC. However, some theories say his reign on the throne may of started in 3273 BC or even 2987 BC.
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By: Leon Kwasi Kuntuo-Asare
Yasuke is believed by some scholars to of come from the Yao people of modern-day Mozambique. Therefore some believe his name Yasuke derived from “Yao-Suke”, suke being a Japanese suffix added to a male name, so Yasuke most likely meant a man of Yao origin. There are varying accounts saying he could of been Ethiopian, or Sudanses, but no one knows for sure.
ARRIVAL IN JAPAN
It is documented that when Yasuke arrived in Japan in 1579, he was in the service of an Italian Jesuit Missionary named, Alessandro Valignano, who was appointed by the society of Jesus (Jesuits), to inspect their missions in East Africa, South and East Asia. For the Japanese who encountered him, it would of been their first time seeing a Black man. The Jesuits later reported when Yauke was taken to Oda Nobunaga, head of the powerful Oda clan (a man some scholars of Japanese history credit as being one of the first unifers of Japan), the Daimyo (feudal lord) thought that Yasuke had been painted with black ink and ordered Yasuke to remove his clothes from the waist up and demanded he scrub his skin to attempt to remove what he assumed was black ink painted on his skin. Reportedly when Nobunaga realized that Yasuke was not wearing ink, but instead was a Black man, he became fascinted with the African, and praised him for his strength and demeanor. It has been written that Nobunaga’s nephew gave Yasuke some money after their first meeting to help him on his journey.
On May 1581, Yasuke left for a trip with some other Christians to go to the Echizen province. There they would meet with regional warlords Shibata Katsuie,Hashiba Hidekatsu and Hashiba Hidekatsu. When Yasuke and his fellow Christian missionaries returned to Kyoto (the former capitol of Japan) on May 30, at some point afterwards Yasuke entered into the service of Nobunaga. Nobunaga would also give Yasuke his own residence , a ceremonial katana and would make him his weapons bearer. In the Battle of Tenmokuzan, Nobunaga led his forces (which included Yasuke) into armed conflict and ultimately victory against the Takeda clan. On June 1582, Nobunaga was attacked by the army of Akechi Mitsuhide. Yasuke was present at the time of the attack and he fought with valor against Akechi’s forces, but ultimately Nobunaga forces would be overwhelmed and Nobunaga would be forced to commit seppuku (ritual suicide). After the death of Nobunaga, Yasuke visited Nobunaga’s son and heir apparent Oda Nobutada, who at the time was in the process of rallying forces at Nijo castle. Yasuke fought bravely alongside Nobutada’s forces, but was ulimately captured. When Yasuke was brought to Akechi, the warlord reportedly made racist comments about Yasuke being an animal and not Japanese, therefore he stated that Yasuke shouldn’t be killed, but rather taken to the Christian church in Kyoto. His ultimate fate is unknown and there is no more written about him after this time. Some people believe he may of returned to working for the Catholic Church, or contracted his services to other warlords.
By:Leon Kwasi Kuntuo-Asare
Tariq Ibn-Ziyad was a Berber general from where is now Morocco in North West Africa. He was a mawla (which translate to lord or guardian) of Musa Ibn Nusayr, who was the Umayyad governor of Ifriqiya (which consisted of parts of Tunisia,Libya and Algeria) . After Tangier was conquered between 710-711, Musa Ibn Nasayr put Ibn-Ziyad in control of the Tangier area.
later in 711, Ibn-Ziyad and his army (which consisted of Berbers and new coverts to the Islamic Faith), landed on the Iberian Peninsula (the region of Spain and Portugal). Ibn-Ziyad and his army disembarked at a base of a mountain that would later be known as the Rock of Gibraltar (Gibraltar translates to mountain of Tariq). Tariq Ibn-Ziyad’s army included about 7000 Berber horsemen, additional men sent by Musa Ibn Nusayr, and some locals, who were rivals of the Spanish ruler, Roderic, the Visigothic king in Hispania. On July 19, King Roderic and his men would finally be defeated at the Battle of Guadalete. After the defeat of the visigoth king, Ibn-Ziyad divided his army and they would continue to conquer cities like Cordoba, Granada, Toledo, and Guadalajara, among others. Eventually culminating with Ibn-Ziyad controlling Spain, and making him its de facto ruler, for about a year before Musa Ibn Nasayr arrived.
Later In Life
In 714 Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid the ruler of the Umayyad Caliphate (Islamic state which controlled much of North Africa and the Middle East) ordered Tariq Ibn-Ziyad and Musa Ibn Nasayr to Damascus, Syria, where they would spend the rest of their lives, some say this was because of jealousy and fear of the power that Ibn-Ziyad and Ibn Nasayr had displayed when Ibn-Ziyad conquered Spain with the assistance of Ibn Nasayr.
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External Education Resources
Pharaoh Piye: The Black King Who Ruled Both Ancient Kush/Nubia and Egypt
By: Leon Kwasi Kuntuo-Asare
Piye, also known as Piankhi, was the king of the kingdom of Kush, also known as Nubia (modern-day Sudan). He ruled from about 750 BCE to around 719 BCE.
The Holy Conqueror
During his reign as ruler of the people of Nubia, (a people who shared a cultural-connection to the people of Egypt), Piye knew of and took advantage of the inner-conflict of Egypt at the time.
He expanded Nubia’s territory beyond Thebes, in Southern Egypt, and eventually he moved his army north and achieved military victories in Memphis and Hermopolis , just to name a few.
“Hear what I have done in exceeding the ancestors. I am the king, the representation of god, the living image of Atum, who issued from the womb marked as ruler, who is feared by those greater than he, [whose father] knew and whose mother perceived even in the egg that he would be ruler, the good god, beloved of the gods, the Son of Re, who acts with his two arms, Piye, beloved of Amon ….”
Egypt at the time was very chaotic and instead of being one unified kingdom, it consisted of several fragmented smaller states, all of which never stood a chance against the mighty and unified kingdom of Nubia, which was at it’s peak at the time. Several kings of the Delta region, including Iuput (also spelled Auput II)of Leontopolis, Nimlot of Hermopolis, and Usermaatre Osorkon IV of Tanis, all eventually submitted to the throne of Piye. Pharaoh Piye viewed his conquest of Egypt as not only a military one, but a religious one. In fact, he believed that Egypt had lost much of its shared cultural and religious identity with Kush due to the fact that Egypt had been invaded by various peoples by this time, who inevitably mixed their cultural, religious and racial identities into the fabric of Egypt. As Pharaoh, Piye wasn’t only responsible for ruling over the people of the Kingdom (soon to be empire) of Kush, but he was also responsible for commanding its military and as Pharaoh he was considered divine and an intermediary between the gods and the people. Making Pharoah Piye the most important religious figure in the nation. Which is why he commanded that his soldiers ritually cleanse themselves (similarly to what a modern-day Muslim does before prayer) before they went into battle. Piye, himself offered sacrifices to the god of Amun. His uniting the two Kingdoms would be seen as an African renaissance.
His exact time on the throne is unknown, some reseachers suggest he ruled as Pharaoh for 24 years, others suggest it could of been upwards of 31 years.
The Tomb of Piye was located in El-Kurru, which was one of the cemeteries of the Nubian/Kush royal family. The tomb site is located in Northern State, Sudan.
1. KILL ALL UNBELIEVERS.
2. A GOOD SLAVE IS A GOOD CHRISTIAN.
3. GOD KILLS THE FIRSTBORNS.
4. DECAPITATE THEM!
5. MOSES’ MASS MURDER.
6. KING DAVID’S HOLOCAUST.
7. KILL MEN, WOMEN, INFANTS.
8. RAPE, PILLAGE AND KILL.
9. SLAUGHTER THE INNOCENTS.
10. SLAY OLD AND YOUNG.
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YOU’RE NOT REALLY BLACK
MY WHITE FRIEND TOLD ME JUST LIKE THAT
I DID NOT GET ANGRY
I DID NOT GET UPSET
I JUST ASKED HIM COULD HE PLEASE CLARIFY THAT?
HE RESPONDED WITH WHAT HE BELIEVED TO BE HIS EDUCATED FACTS:
“LISTEN DAWG YOUR MAMA IS A SOCIAL WORKER AND YOUR PAPA IS A RETIRED BUSINESS MAN FROM GHANA
YOU’RE IN COLLEGE AND YOU DON’T SPEAK THAT GHETTO STREET SMACK LIKE AMERICAN BLACKS, SO I DON’T CONSIDER YOU BLACK. ”
WHAT WENT THROUGH MY HEAD WAS DAMN
MY FRIEND IS SADLY MISTAKEN AND ACTUALLY BELIEVES HIS COMMENTS ARE A COMPLIMENT
I REPLIED: “WELL DAWG MAYBE YOU GOT SOME BAD INFORMATION
BUT THE BLACK NEGROID RACE IS NOT A WHITE AMERICAN GHETTO CREATION”
IN FACT WE HAVE CREATED SOME OF THE WORLD’S GREATEST CIVILIZATIONS FROM THE ANCIENT ABYSSIANA AND NUBIAN (KUSH) DYNASTIES IN EAST AFRICA TO THE MORE MODERN ASANTE IN THE WEST
SO WHAT YOU THOUGHT WAS A COMPLIMENT, WAS A BLATANT FORM OF DISRESPECT
BUT I WILL NOT HOLD IT AGAINST YOU
AT LEAST NOT YET
I KNOW YOU LIKE ME WERE RAISED WATCHING MTV AND B.E.T
BUT WHAT YOU HAVE TO REALIZE IS WHAT IS ON MOST GANGSTER RAP CDs IS JUST SOME FARFETCHED STUDIO HOOD FANTASY
BECAUSE IN ACTUALITY THAT “BLING-BLING” HENNESSY BOTTLE “POPPIN”, THUG-LIFE LIFESTYLE , IS ABOUT A THOUSAND MILES AWAY FROM REALITY
SO DON’T GET ME MISUNDERSTOOD
I GREW UP IN THE HOOD
BUT I LEFT DETROIT AS SOON AS I COULD TO GET MY PAPA AND MAMA IN DETROIT
OUT OF THE HOOD AND TO GET MY FAMILY IN GHANA LIVING LIKE THEY SHOULD
I AM GOING TO NEED TO MAKE SOME BLING-BLING AND BECAUSE I CAN’T DO A LOT OF THE BLACK GUY STEREOTYPES
LIKE PLAY BASKETBALL, RAP OR SING
I WILL HAVE TO MAKE MY GREEN BY EARNING MY UNIVERSITY BUSINESS DEGREE
BECAUSE I DON’T LIKE THE THUG-LIFE INSURANCE POLICY!
-LEON KWASI KUNTUO-ASARE
AMERICA :DIVIDED WE STAND? !
A COLLECTION OF POLITICAL AND SOCIAL POETRY
NOW AVAILABLE ON AMAZON KINDLE
Sudan: pyramids, souqs and Gaddafi’s hotel in the land tourism forgot