BLACK HISTORY SPOTLIGHT: BIDDY MASON

Black History Spotlight:Biddy Mason

Biddy Mason Pic

By: Leon Kwasi Kuntuo-Asare

Early Life

Biddy Mason was born into the brutal system of slavery on August 15, 1818.Her exact birthplace is unknown, some scholars believe was born in Hancock County, Georgia, and others believe her birthplace was Hancock County, Mississippi. As a youth she spent most of her time on the plantation of Robert Smithson. In her teenage-years she learned how to perform domestic work and agricultural work,she also learned midwife and herbal medicine making skills from elder slaves, who shared their knowledge that was passed-down to them from their African ancestors. In the 1940s, Mason is believed to of have been given to Rebecca Dorn and Robert Mayes Smith as a wedding gift. While on the Smith’s plantation, Mason had three children, all girls: Ellen in 1838, Ann in 1844 and Harrier in 1847. The father or fathers is unknown, but some historical researchers believe that Robert Smith was the father of a least one of her children.

Biddy’s Road to Freedom

In the late 1940s Mormon missionaries from the Church of Latter-Day Saints passed through Mississippi and proselytized the locals. Some of the locals included Biddy Mason’s slave owner Robert Smith, his wife and their children. There is currently no information on whether Mason or her fellow slaves were baptized in the Mormon faith. In 1947, the Smith household joined with a group of Mormon churchgoers from Mississippi to unite with the Mormon exodus from Nauvoo,Illinois. The group of religious travelers ventured to Pueblo, Colorado, there they would join with a group of very-ill disciples from a Mormon battalion. On the trip further westward, Mason use her healing-skills as a midwife and herbalist to help heal the sick, feed the hungry and to care for the children of the religious pilgrims, she also helped herd the cattle. In 1851, Brigham Young the leader of the Mormon church sent a group of his followers to Southern California, which was a free state at the time. Smith ignored that fact and refused to free hia slaves, once they arrived in the San Bernadino settlement. In 1856, Smith planned to move to the slave state of Texas, where he intended to sell his slaves. Smith would lie to his slaves (he told them he intended to give them their freedom in Texas)to motivate them to make the long and harsh journey to the slave state. Mason of course knew he was lying, and not wanting to be separated from her children, she with the help of some kind-hearted locals, petitioned a Los Angeles court for her freedom and the freedom of her children. On January 21, 1856 Biddy Mason and her children were given their freedom by Judge Benjamin Ignatius Hayes, after Smith failed to show-up to challenge the petition.

The Free Woman, Healer and Entrepreneur

After she gained her freedom, Mason and her daughters moved in with a man named Robert Owens,who was the father of the locally famous Los Angeles businessman Charles Owens. Mason’s daughter Ellen would eventually marry Charles Owens. While in Los Angeles, California, Mason worked as a nurse and midwife and delivered hundreds of babies, she also risked her life to use her traditional-African herbalist healing skills to care for these people with smallpox, during a smallpox epidemic that was ravaging L.A. at the time. Mason saved much of the money she earned as midwife and nurse to become a financially successful real estate Investor, in fact she became one of the first African-American women to own land in Los Angeles. Mason also used the money she earned to become a philanthropist: she gave money to the poor, fed the hungry and was part of a group that founded day care center and school for black children. In 1872, Mason and her son-in-law Charles Owens became founding members of the first African Methodist Episcopal church of Los Angeles, which was also the city’s first black church. The church would be built on land that was donated by Mason herself. Mason died on January 15,1891, a park and plaque is dedicated to her in Los Angeles, California.

Biddy Mason Park

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65 PEOPLE IN NIGERIA WERE KILLED IN SUSPECTED TERRORIST ATTACK BY BOKO HARAM

By: Leon Kwasi Kuntuo-Asare

This past weekend in the northern Nigeria, 65 people were killed in a terrorist attack that occurred during a funeral.

That happened this past Saturday at a burial ceremony in the Nganzai district, which is near the Borno state capitol of Maiduguri.

Reportedly, 21 people were killed in the initial attack, and 44 were killed when local villagers attempted to capture the terrorist.

For additional information use the link below:

https://amp.cnn.com/cnn/2019/07/28/africa/boko-haram-attack-nigeria/index.html

THE CATHOLIC CHURCH SPENTS MILLIONS TO PREVENT LAWS THAT COULD HELP VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ABUSE SEEK JUSTICE

By: Leon Kwasi Kuntuo-Asare

In late 2018 Pope Francis, while speaking about victims of church sexual abuse, said:

“the pain of the victims and their families is also our pain, and so it is urgent that we once more reaffirm our commitment to ensure the protection of minors and of vulnerable adults”.

Despite, that statement by the leader of the Catholic church, which could sound inspirational to advocates for victims of sexual abuse, the church actually spent over $10 million dollars lobbying against bills that could make the church responsible criminally and civilly for the heinous crimes of their clergy.

According to a new study that was revealed by CBS News, in the eastern part of the United States, between the years 2011-2018 the church spent:

$5,322,979 in Pennsylvania

$2,912,772 in New York

$875,261 in Connecticut

$633,458 in New Jersey

$537,551 in Massachusetts

$134,345 in New Hampshire

$124,260 in Maine

$61,961 in Maine

Over $10.6 million in total to challenge bills that if passed into law, could challenge the current restrictions on the statute of limitations and make it a lot easier for adults who were sexually abused as kids to seek justice in a criminal and or civil court against the Catholic church.

For additional information use the link below:

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/catholic-church-scandal-spent-10-million-lobbyists-fight-extension-statutes-of-limitations-child-sex-abuse-vicims/

“HOW PHILIPPINES CELEBRATE GOOD FRIDAY:

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BY: LEON KWASI KUNTUO-ASARE

On the small South Eastern Asian nation of the Philippines, the Island’s Catholic community celebrate Good Friday a little different than most other nations. Instead of simply going to church or celebrating with family members, in the city of San Fernando, Pampanga, they re-enact the bloody crucifixion of their lord and savior Jesus Christ.

WATCH THIS SHORT VIDEO FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION :