Muhammad Ali was born Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. in the segregated south of Louisville, Kentucky, on January 17, 1942. Clay grew up in a house with a sister and four brothers. Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. and his father Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr. were both named after the 19th century republican politican and slave abolitionist , who was also from Kentucky.
Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr. earned money for his family by painting billboard signs and his wife Odessa O’Grady Clay was a household domestic.
Clay would be first introduced to boxing by local police officer and boxing coach Joe E. Martin, who witnessed the 12 year old, looking very irate one day, when officer Martin spoke with the young Clay, he realized Clay was upset that a thief stole his bike, Clay told officer Martin he planned to “Whup” the thief if he caught him. Martin Told Clay, he better learn boxing first, before attempting to “Whup” the thief.
Clay would begin his amateur boxing career in 1954, he would go on to win six Kentucky Golden Gloves titles, two national Golden Gloves titles, an AAU national title and he would win the Light Heavyweight gold medal at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy.
In his 1975 autobiography, Ali claimed he threw his Olympic Gold medal in the Ohio River after he and a friend were denied service at a “Whites Only” restaurant. Which would eventually lead to them having to physically defend themselves against a mob of angry white racists.
Clay would make his professional boxing debut in October 1960. In 1963 Clay would become impressive enough to become the number one contender to the crown of then heavyweight king Sonny Liston. On February 25, 1964, in Miami Beach, Clay would do the unthinkable and defeat the seemingly unbeatable thug with alleged mob connections, when Sonny Listen refused to answer the bell for the 7th round, making Clay the youngest heavyweight boxing champion at the time, at the young age of 22.
Soon after winning the heavyweight boxing crown, Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. would change his name to Huhammad Ali, after converting to Islam and joining the nation of Islam.
In February of 1966, Ali was reclassified by the Louisville, Kentucky Draft board as 1-A from 1-Y. Despite that fact Ali still had no plan or desire to serve in the United States’ military service. Ali openly stated in the press : “I ain’t got nothing against no viet Cong; no Viet Cong never called me nigger”.
After a successful titled bout in March of 1967, Ali had his boxing world titled stripped for refusal to be drafted into the U.S. Army Service. His boxing title was suspended by the New York State Athletic Commission. On June 20, 1967, Ali would be convicted of draft evasion, he was sentenced to five years in prison and given a 10,000 fine. Ali would pay a bond and remain free, while the court’s verdict was being appealed by his legal team.
As a result of Ali’s conviction, he was denied a boxing license in every American state and stripped of his passport, so that he was unable to earn a living for himself and his family by boxing overseas. Ali would not fight professionally from march 1967 to October 1970. As opposition against the Vietnam War increased across the nation, Ali’s stance gained sympathy, his conviction would be over-turned in 1971, a few months after having his boxing license reinstated and having a couple return matches.
Ali would soon become the number one contender to heavyweight champion Joe Frazier’s world title, in a fight nicknamed the “Fight of the Century ” due to the fact that two undefeated boxers, both held legitimate claims to the heavyweight crown were set to fight, to see who the true world heavyweight boxing champion of the world was. Ali would go on to lose to Joe Frazier, by unanimous decision, the first loss of his career.
After several comeback fights, Ali would once again become the number one contender for the heavyweight boxing world title, which at the time was held by the very dangerous and heavy-handed George Foreman.
On October 30, 1974 in a bout nicknamed ” The Rumble in The Jungle ” held in Kinshasa, Zaire, Ali using his “rope-a-dope” style to do once again the unthinkable and defeat a man, many considered to be the hardest hitting man in boxing history, to become a two-time boxing heavyweight world champion.
On October 1, 1975 , Ali would go on to fight his rival Joe Frazier for the third time, each having a past victory over their rival, they would fight for 14 tough rounds, Ali would say about the fight : “was the closest thing to dying I know”. Joe Frazier’s corner would refuse to let him fight the 15th round, after both of Frazier’s eyes closed, giving Ali the win by tko.
In September 1976, Ali won a highly contested match against Ken Norton. After the bout Ali claimed he was leaving the sport to focus on his religion of Sunni Islam, having left the Nation of Islam a year earlier.
In February 1978, Ali would fight an up and coming contender named Leon Spinks, at the Hilton Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada. The young spinks would defeat an aging and out of shape Ali, via split decision. The two would have a rematch, shortly after the first fight, in the bout, Ali would win via unanimous decision, becoming the first three time heavyweight boxing world champion.
Following his win on July 27, 1979, Ali announced his retirement from boxing. His retirement would not last long, we would soon challenge Larry Holmes for the WBC world title, in a quest to be the only four-time heavyweight boxing world champion in history. The Ali-holmes fight would take place on October 2, 1980. Ali would be battered so badly in the fight his trainer Angelo Dundee, would be forced to stop the fight.
Despite peas to stop fighting from family and friends, Ali would fight one last time on December 11, 1981, in Nassau, Bahamas against Trevor Berbick, Ali would lose the fight, via ten-round decision.
ALI AFTER BOXING:
In 1984, Ali would be diagnosed with Parkinson’s syndrome, it is believed by many he received the disease from years of head Trauma through boxing.
In 1991 Ali published Muhammad Ali : His life and times. That same year, Ali traveled to Iraq during the Gulf War, in an attempt to negotiate the release of Americans being held hostage.
In 1996, Ali would be given the honor of lighting the Olympic flame at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. At those same games, Ali would also receive a replacement Olympic Gold Medal .
Years later, Muhammad Ali would go to Afghanistan as the “U.N. Messenger of peace on November 17, 2002.
In July 2012, was a titular bearer of the Olympic flag, during the opening of the 2012 Summer Olympic games in London, England.
After years of battling a worsening health condition, like he battled boxers in the ring, Ali sadly would lose the fight for his life, when he died of Septic shock on June 2, 2016.
Harriet Tubman was born Araminta “Minty” Ross , sometime around 1822 (being a slave, the exact year of her birth is unknown ), in Dorchester County, Maryland, to parents Harriet “Rit” Green and Ben Ross, later in life, Tubman would take her mother’s name of Harriet.
As a young girl in Maryland, Tubman was beaten on countless occasions by her masters. On one occasion she was hit in the head with a heavy metal weight. The result would be an injury that would cause her to have epileptic seizures and headaches for the rest of her life. She even began to have visions, Tubman being a devout Christian believed those visions to be signs from God.
Around the year 1844, Harriet still a slave would marry a freeman named John Tubman. In Maryland at the time, marriages between enslaved people and free blacks were not uncommon.
On September 17, 1849, Tubman would escape from slavery with her two brothers Ben and Henry, but Tubman would be forced to return when her brothers changed their minds about running away. But Tubman would not stay with her masters for long, she would escape again, this time without her brothers, she used the help of the Underground Railroad, which was a network that consisted of enslaved blacks, freemen , Quakers and white abolitionists, all with the common goal of setting enslaved blacks free.
Once free and settled in Philadelphia, Tubman would go back in the slave states, putting both her freedom and life at risk, to save not only family members , but many other blacks still held in bondage. It is estimated that Tubman made 19 trips using the Underground Railroad to save approximately 300 black slaves.
During the civil war, Tubman would work for the union army , she helped nurse wounded soldiers back to health and even performed duties as a armed scout and spy.
After the war was over and black people were free, at least on paper, Tubman would begin to fight for women’s rights with the suffragist movement.
Sadly on March 20, 1913, in Auburn, New York, at the age of 91, Harriet Tubman would die of pneumonia. Tubman would be buried at Fort Hill Cemetery in Auburn. She was given semi-military honors for her service during the American civil war.
FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION WATCH THIS SHORT VIDEO :
FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION USE SOURCE LINKS BELOW :
Will there ever be peace in the Middle East? Well if the United States truly wants to end the war against Islamic terrorist groups, bombings and bullets are not the key to a successful plan for peace in the Middle East.
In fact they are part of the reason we have the current issues in Iraq and Syria with ISIS, since we kill far more innocent civilians than we do terrorists, which makes us even more enemies, some of whom probably will become terrorists in the future, after seeing the burnt and charred remains of flesh and bone, from people they used to call mom, dad, sister, brother, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew,son, daughter, cousin, friend, or neighbor, all residue left behind after one of our U.S drones or Tomahawk missles kills an entire family, often times the suspected terrorist they were hunting , was not even in the targeted area.
According to a Huffington post article posted on January 23, 2014, by Kerry Sheridan, “there were approximately 500,000 civilian deaths caused by the US led invasion in Iraq.”
Brown University’s Watson Institute of International and Public Affairs published a study online in march 2015, the stated stated ” 92,000 Civilians in Afghanistan have been killed and 100,000 wounded since the US led invasion in 2001.”
The 2nd problem, which obviously relates to the first one is, we have to stop going into other countries and interfering with their political and military affairs, be it when the U.S used the Ethiopian army as a proxy to invade Somalia in 2006 , which increased Islamic extremism in the region or when the U.S Disbanded the Iraqi army after the 2003 war, which caused many newly unemployed Iraqis with deadly weapons and tactical training to walk straight into the arms of ISIS. Our recent military history with Iraq and Libya proves we are far better at nation destroying than nation building, since both countries had very little Islamic extremism, Pre-United States interference, and are now a breeding ground of Islamic extremism. According to an article published on Time.com by Mark Thompson, on May 28, 2015, titled “How Disbanding the Iraqi Army Fueled ISIS” , Thompson stated: One expert estimates that more than 25 of ISIS’s top 40 leaders once served in the Iraqi military.
Yes both Saddem Hussein and Muammar Gaddafi were brutal leaders and their nations were breaking many international humanitarian laws, but that does not give us the right to go into their countries, remove them and kill hundreds of thousands of civilians in the process. Hell you can say the same about the United States two closet allies in the region when it comes to brutality , Saudi Arabia and Israel are the two kings of breaking international humanitarian laws . And lets not forget the United States herself was called out by the United Nations for her racism and police brutality. According to a NewsOne article posted approximately one year ago, Noureddine Amir, the vice-chairman of the Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), Amir stated:
“The excessive use of force by law enforcement officials against racial and ethnic minorities is an ongoing issue of concern and particularly in light of the shooting of Michael Brown. This is not an isolated event and illustrates a bigger problem in the United States, such as racial bias among law enforcement officials, the lack of proper implementation of rules and regulations governing the use of force, and the inadequacy of training and law enforcement officials.” So lets first get our own affairs in order, before telling foreign nations how to get their affairs in order.
Now I obviously don’t know the keys for peace in the Middle East, and I will gladly admit the United States without a doubt employs far better educated and experienced people they can use to advise them than me. These are just my opinions based on facts, history and results.
But what I do know is continuing to invade and destabilize nations, kill hundreds of thousands innocent civilians as collateral damage, makes us less safe, not more safe, by increasing the recruitment of young and able men, ready and willing to die and kill to expel the invading and mass murdering crusaders.
Now lets just be honest with ourselves, and think outside of our collective alpha male American ego and put ourselves in an Iraqi person’s shoes , if the United States was attacked and occupied by a foreign nation, and hundreds of thousands of our citizens were being killed, there would be a swarm of white supremacist militias, and Christian hate groups like the Ku Klux Klan growing with new members, ready to fight and die to expel the invading military force.
And to anyone that thinks what I am saying is not true, here’s some facts for you:
In an article titled ” They Love to Hate, In Growing Numbers” by : Katti Gray of the Root.com, published on February 25, 2011, Gray states:
“There’s no question that Obama’s election drew people into the hate world. These groups’ [online] servers were crashing on the night of the election from all the traffic,” said Heidi Beirich, director of research for the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC). Its spring 2011 Intelligence Report, released Thursday, lists 1,002 hate groups, a 7.5 percent increase since 2009 and a surge of 66 percent since 2000.”
And that’s only because Obama is the first half-black president , now just imagine the white supremacist domestic terroristic attacks that would being happening in this country if this country was being attacked by an foreign nation, inside our own borders, both to the occupying military and probably to minorities, especially black people.
Which proves war gives you more enemies not less enemies.
I am not even going to pretend l know how to fix the the current problems the United States has with ISIS and other terrorist organizations in the Middle East, but I do know three ways not to get us anymore.
1. Stop f#cking with other countries politics, it always comes back to hurt us in the end, from Iran to ISIS. We seem to create our own Boogie-Man! So President Obama, my fellow American, from the midwest ( you Chicago and me Detroit ) with an African father ( your father from Kenya and mine is from Ghana) ,please don’t take out Assad, I know he is a piece of Garbage, but most of our allies are too, plus taking him out will leave a hole for terrorists to fill, Iraq, Libya and even post Soviet war Afghanistan has proven that.
2. If we do have to attack another country, it’s because they attacked us or our allies first, like a Pearl Harbor or 9-11 situation. Not because we want to take their natural resources!
3. If we’re forced to go to war and defend ourselves, we must make sure we don’t bomb an entire city block to kill only four f#cking terrorists, which in the end will make us even more enemies, which kind of defeats the purpose of going to war in the first place. The same technology Edward Snowden revealed the United States has and still is using on us American citizens illegally, the United States must use that technology to pinpoint our enemies, and kill them with causing as little civilian casualties as possible.
In post racial America, another African-American house of God was set on fire in St. Louis , the fifth church in ten days. This time the
New Life Missionary Baptist Church.
According to , St. Louis Fire Chief Dennis Jenkerson, the fire was set on the door and the damage to the building was minimal.
The last outbreak of arson attacks on black churches happened days after The Dylann Roof, Charleston AME Church massacre this summer , seven black churches were burned down by suspected white supremacists, also in ten days.
Pastor David Briggs told local fox2now:
“I have forgiven them. I don’t want the communities to be angry. I don’t want the churches to be angry, because it is in these moments that our character is tested”.
In San Francisco the city by the bay, a city I have called home for the past twelve years, ” I have to basically walk the streets as an endangered species, I feel like the last black man of San Francisco ” since the African-American population has virtually been gentrified and priced out of the city.
In the 1970s the African-American community represented 13.4% of the city, today the black community only represents a meager 6% of San Francisco and that is rapidly declining.
Because of the new tech boom, with its high paying jobs, income inequality has become even more dramatic, since inner-city blacks have not traditionally had access to the proper education or computer science classes , unlike white suburban kids, while in elementary and high school. So the likelihood of them taking those classes in college, if they go to college are not high, and therefore they will most likely not be eligible for those jobs.
The end result is the median household income, according to the census is for whites is $104,300, for Asian Americans $72,000 and for Latino-Americans $67,000, whereas black median household income has dropped to 29,500 in San Francisco, which speaks of doom for blacks in a city full of rising rents and evictions.
Barry Dow, president of Access Advocates, a construction apprentice program, described the fate of Black San Franciscans as follows: “Everything we created and developed as African Americans has been taken away.”
MY CALL TO ACTION:
My hypothesis is we the African-American community must take this tech revolution head on, since it’s coming either way.
I speak to my people not as a man who has accomplished all his business goals, nor as a man, who is sitting on his butt doing nothing, but complaining .
I speak as man who has had to retrain his brain and learn computer programming from free online classes from W3SCHOOLS.com, UDACITY.COM , CODEACADEMY.COM and KHANACADEMY.ORG, which also helped to improve my math, with their math courses.
Instead of being afraid of the tech revolution, I decided to take it on, with the online courses, the tech revolution has made available for free for everyone, no matter your income level, race, gender or age, anyone can learn coding, and since I live in California , I decided to take advantage on the Governor’s fee waiver for community college, when I finished the International business program at a bay area community college and plan to take my scholarly education even further as soon as I move my elderly parents to the bay from Detroit, and I hope to take advantage of grants for university students , and keep working my a$$ off.
I soon realized I needed to improve my very much outdated business and marketing skills, that I had not used since my immigrant father from Ghana, forced my brother and I to work at the family’s store in Detroit. About a year and a half ago, I decided to start my own news blog and indie book publishing company , since I noticed their were no major news or media companies to tell the narrative of us living in the African Diaspora. It was very easy and cheap, for those you wanting to know how, the simplest way to get a blog is to go to wordpress.com and get a free blog, once you feel you got the hang out it, you can upgrade to a paid domain site and even apply to get wordads (wordpress’s system for you to earn add money on your blog) I would not suggest this until you’ve grown your audience and found your niche or tribe of followers. Now as far as starting your own book publishing company, once you have your book or books ready to be published, I would suggest getting a copyright at legalzoom.com, I would publish a ebook at first, even though you can use CreateSpace.com, which is owned by Amazon.com to print on demand books. Kindle is the best and easiest ebook platform to use and amazon actually sells more ebooks than paper books.
Once you’ve done that just go out there and do it.
Here’s a list of great books for Entrepreneurs :
1. THE LEAN STARTUP. BY : ERIC RIES
2. UNLABEL. BY : MARK ECKO
3. A.P.E( AUTHOR, PUBLISHER, ENTREPRENEUR ) BY : GUY KAWASAKI
4. TRIBES. BY: SETH GODIN
5. THE STARTUP OWNER’S MANUAL. BY : STEVE BLANK AND BOB DORF
GREAT WEBSITES TO USE ARE:
1 . TWITTER AND FACEBOOK GROUPS TO PROMOTE
4. AND MEETUP.COM TO INTERACT WITH LIKE MINDED PEOPLE
NOW LETS BUILD ANOTHER BLACK WALLSTREET! !!
FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO LIKE MY ARTICLE, SUBSCRIBE TO MY NEWS BLOG AT :
Two reports done by Cuyahoga County, Ohio Prosecutor Timothy J. McGinty found the shooting of Tamir Rice, by police officer Timothy Loehmann to be a “reasonable ” shooting.
For those of you whom don’t remember, Tamir Rice was a 12 year old school kid, who was playing with a toy gun, when he was gunned down in approximately three seconds by , police officer Timothy Loehmann, who was responding to a 911 call about someone walking around with a gun. Ohio by the way is an open carry state.
A grand jury will still have to make the final decision if charges will be brought against Loehmann.
FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION USE LINK :
Two Reports Find Police Killing Of 12-Year-Old Tamir Rice ‘Reasonable,’ Family Attorney Calls Results ‘Whitewashed’ http://bit.ly/1VLJpiV
A man named Gerod Roth, but known on Facebook as Geris Hilton, was fired after he posted a picture of his co-workers son on Facebook. The outrage came after several of his friends posted extremely racist comments about the young African-American child.
Mr. Roth was soon fired by Polaris Marketing Group, after the hateful post went viral.
Today, Jamaicans are unified in their call for reparations for slavery, the same reparations that were denied to their ancestors but were given to the over forty-six thousand white slave owners, who owned, exploited, raped and brutalized their ancestors.
But Jamaica is not the only Caribbean nation to demand reparations from their former Imperialist enslavers.
Earlier this year in July, 14 Caribbean nations filed lawsuits against their from exploiters of Great Britain, France and the Netherlands, at the international court of justice in the Hague.
The Prime minister of the United Kingdom, David Cameron is set to visit Jamaica, to talk about trade relations and the building of a prison, which will be used to house Jamaicans convicted of crimes, while in the United Kingdom.
Cameron claims he has no plans to discuss reparations for slavery, which is disgusting and hypocritical considering the fact his own family owned slaves on Jamaica, therefore not only did his family receive all the economic benefits that came with slavery, but they also received reparations as slave owners when Great Britain ended slavery in Jamaica.
The United Nations’ Human rights council , recently called the United States of America, out on racial profiling, use of the death penalty and police brutality, during a peer review of 117 United Nations member states.
According to a report by Al Jezeera America, 343 recommendations were given by the United Nations Human rights Council in Geneva, Switzerland, of which the U.S accepted 44 of the recommendations for eliminating racial discrimination and addressing excessive use of force by police.
Today, the Dominican Republic still continues its racist and Xenophobic purging of migrant Haitians, Dominicans of Haitian descent and dark skin Dominicans, to poor to afford the proper documentation, to prove they are of Dominican ancestry.
According to relief officials, approximately fifty to a hundred people , the Dominican Republic claims to be of Haitian ancestry , are forcefully deported from the Small island nation, every day even though according to amnesty international, twenty-seven percent of the people deported, claim they were born and raised in the Dominican Republic.
I like so many other children in America was falsely taught in school, that the civil war (April,12, 1861to may 9, 1865) was fought to give black people freedom and that black people received that freedom from slavery after the civil war ended in 1865, when the abolitionist north won, the war.
Years later I would sadly learn that systematic slavery never ended after civil war, in fact the 13th amendment Was passed by the United States senate to keep a form of systematic slavery alive and well in America. On April 8, 1864, before the civil war even ended. The thirteenth Amendment states: Section #1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for a crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within, the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Even today slavery still exist through America, legally in maximum security prisons, like the Angola prison in Louisiana or the parchman farm prison in Mississippi, just to name a couple. There prisoners are forced to work or be punished by solitary confinement, which often times makes inmates go insane, if in there for long periods of time.
Inmates are often times forced to work for free, but if they are giving any compensation, it can be as meager as two cents an hour, or 16 cents a day, which only adds up to approximately $3.20 a month, depending on the length of the month.
Currently America leads the industrialized world, with approximately 2.2 million prison inmates, which means their are more people in chains, forced to work than before the civil war and considering the racially bias justice system and racial profiling, a large percent of the inmates are black, even though blacks are make up as little as 12 percent of the United States population.
Today’s prison-slaves, often times have to do mining work, Agriculture, build military equipment and make garments for big business corporations, they same way their ancestors were forced to work the cotton fields and plantations of the antebellum slavery days.
“Keep your damn hands to yourself” is a term that should viewed as law of the land in America, no matter your race, gender or sexual orientation, no one should be allowed to feel they can batter another person because of an argument or disagreement and not have to deal with repercussions. That being said what people should do is often the opposite of what people actually do.
Without a doubt domestic violence is a major issue in the United States, straight, bi, gay, Transgender, male, female, all these subgroups of the American population, have people in their group who have committed assault and battery on their loved ones, which proves that domestic violence is not a male vs. female issue, rather it’s a humanity issue, that needs to be addressed in the proper and educated manner.
Instead the major media corporations continue to omit the fact that men make up about 40% of domestic violence victims, in an article titled: “More than 40% of domestic violence victims are male, report reveals” by the Guardian.com and published on September 4, 2010 stated : “Data from home office statistical bulletins and the British crime survey show that men made up about 40% of domestic violence victims each year between 2004-5 and 2008-9”.
SNL SPOOF ON SOLANGE ATTACK OF JAY Z.
Instead when a woman hits a man it’s a joke on Saturday night live like when Solange Knowles , the sister of R&B/pop diva Beyonce and sister-in-law to rap legend and music mogul Jay Z, decided to punch and kick her brother-in-law in a tight elevator, while she was wearing dangerously sharp high heels.
Media companies like DISNEY/ABC/ESPN for the most part simply ignored the fact that women’s WorldCup Soccer player Hope Solo has been involved in at least two cases of domestic violence in which she was the aggressor.
The media instead downplays or ignores domestic violence committed by women to focus months on the issue of violence committed by men, especially black men, even if it was in self-defense against a crazed and violent woman, e.g. the Ray rice incident when he punched his then girlfriend/now wife in the face after she pimped slap him or the FSU quarterback De’andre Johnson, who punched a woman in a bar after she reportedly yelled racial slurs at him and is on video seen punching him .
Both male Football players so far have had their careers cut short, while Solange is more famous now after she attacked Jay Z and Hope Solo just won a WorldCup and is expected to be in the FIFA 2016 video game.
So to my fellow Americans, I think we can all agree that domestic violence is horrific, so lets just have one standard that domestic violence is wrong and the aggressor should be punished, no matter their sex, race or sexual orientation.
It is pretty safe to say that if there is ever going to be economic prosperity in the African-American community, which has not been seen since the days of “Black Wallstreet” or the “Harlem Renaissance” of the 1920’s. That economic rebirth will be fueled and powered by the African-American woman.
In the 2015 state of women-owned business report by fortune magazine stated that businesses by African-American women had grown a massive 332% since 1997.
Which means the African-American women are the fasting growing group of new entrepreneurs in America.
In the recent week there seems to be an reemergence of white supremacists terrorism on the African-American Christian community. Terrorism not seen since the 1960’s when white supremacists would set fire to and bomb black churches like the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, which killed four children and injured others in 1963.
Just a week after white supremacist domestic terrorist Dylann Roof massacred nine African-American Christians at the historic South Carolina Emanuel AME church on june 17, six black churches have gone up in flames in the south:
1. College Hill Seventh Day Adventist in Knoxville, Tennessee
2. God’s Power Church Of Christ in Macon, Georgia
3. North Carolina’s Briar Creek Road Baptist Church
4. Grove Baptist Church in Warrenville, South Carolina
5. Fruitland Presbyterian Church in Gibson County, Tennessee
6. The Greater Miracle Temple Apostolic Holiness Church in Tallahassee, Florida
The fires are still being investigated by federal and local law enforcement and at least three are suspected to be caused by arson.